The anticancer drugs in leukemia kills leukemia cells , remission ( return to almost normal temporarily) aims . First, chemotherapy ( anticancer therapy ) with induction therapy ( treatment to kill leukemia cells recovered from leukemia ), we aim to complete remission . Complete remission and 05 percent of leukemia cells in the bone marrow infiltration of other organs can be lost in less than a temporary means to better conditions . Healed ( healed ) remission without saying that the bodies of patients in complete remission because it has remained a small number of leukemia cells , you must return from left unaddressed . Post-remission therapy do so after a complete remission . This is a consolidation therapy in the treatment of moderately severe as induction therapy , maintenance is done in two outpatient intensive treatment after discharge. Treatment of leukemia is usually accomplished using a combination of multidrug therapy of many kinds of anti- leukemia drug . This is enhancing the antileukemic action of each other , and to reduce the side effects with individual drugs .
Symptoms of Leukemia Shortness of breath , palpitations , fatigue , anemia symptoms such as facial pallor , fever and bleeding can be seen . And delayed diagnosis in order to invade the organ growth of leukemia cells , splenomegaly , hepatomegaly , and lymphadenopathy was observed , the symptoms worse . And leukemia cells invade the brain membranes ,headache and meningeal irritation .
Diagnosis of leukemia
Sucking the marrow inside the bone sticking a needle through the sternum and iliac bone , bone marrow specimens stained light thin glass slide coated with this, and stained with Giemsa stain . Diagnosed with leukemia and the leukemia cells and found it under a microscope .
What is Leukemia
What is leukemia? Leukemia is cancer of the blood ( primarily white blood cells , red blood cells in rare cases , such as may arise from platelets ) is . Cells that produce blood cells ( stem cells ), but continue to grow indefinitely is a disease of the bone marrow cancer . Normal cell differentiation and maturation , planned cell death ( apoptosis ) are programmed to die a natural mechanism cells . That is, red blood cells live for 120 days , most neutrophil leukocytes in a few hours , platelets are a few days. The cancer cells of leukemia cells to cell death not mind this project is the growing cells .
What is the cause of leukemia ?
The cause is unknown, blood cells with the gene is damaged , resulting in continued growth of leukemia cells become blood cells are dying . Radiation , benzene , and is considered one of the causes and the anti-cancer drugs .
What is leukemia pathogenesis and classification going?
Leukemia and chronic leukemia and acute leukemia will be broadly divided . Acute leukemia after the acute and fatal within months if untreated . Chronic leukemia can take a chronic course and survival in previously untreated for several years . Acute leukemia by cell type we divided the FAB classification. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (L1 ~ L3), acute myelogenous leukemia (M1, M2), acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3, M4), acute monocytic leukemia (M5), acute erythroleukemia (M6), Acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (M7) and are classified . (See classification of leukemiaMore
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